Category: Weather History
On this date in 1998, three days of heavy rain sent floodwaters from Beaver Dam Creek churning through the small South Alabama town of Elba as a levee gave way.
2,000 of the town’s 4,000 residents had to evacuate as the downtown area was under 6 feet of water.
Very cold weather would follow the flooding just three days later with temperatures in the area dropping into the middle 20s.
Five people died across South Alabama from the flooding.
It was the third flood in the small town in 8 years. In 1990, the town was inundated when a levee on the Pea River broke, with only rooftops poking through a sea of floodwaters. The Corps of Engineers reinforced that levee after the 1990 flood.
The 1998 flood happened suddenly with little warning, so even though the flood crest was less than during the 1990 flood, the 1998 flood caused more damage. With more warning in the 1990 flood, people had time to move their belongings to higher ground.
Of course, Elba was certainly no stranger to floods. In 1865, a flood shortly after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln destroyed the town. On March 15, 1929, the Pea River crested at 43.5 feet. Airplanes had to be employed to drop supplies to the marooned town. Other floods occurred in 1938, 1959 and 1975.
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Back on this date in 2012, Alabama was included in a Moderate Risk severe weather outlook from the Storm Prediction Center. Parts of Tennessee, Kentucky and southern Indiana were in a rare high risk, as JB noted in this morning post.
The risks were pretty spot on. Here are the severe weather reports from March 2nd.
Shortly after JB wrote that post, tornadoes were on the ground in North Alabama, doing damage.
Morning supercells spawned six tornadoes across Limestone and Madison Counties. One followed a similar path to one of the deadliest tornadoes on April 27, 2011. In the Huntsville area, two tornadoes, including an EF2 and an EF1, damaged or destroyed 200 homes, a maximum security state prison and a high school.
When the outbreak was over the next day, an outbreak across the Ohio and Tennessee Valleys produced 70 tornadoes and and killed 41 people. Hardest hit was Kentucky, where 22 died. Thirteen died in Indiana, four in Ohio and one each in Alabama and Georgia.
The town of West Liberty, Kentucky, which was nearly destroyed. The town of Marysville, IN was completely destroyed and Henryville, IN, the birthplace of Kentucky Fried Chicken founder Harlan Sanders, was heavily damaged. The Henryville tornado was rated as an EF-4.
New York City’s Central Park has only experienced four winter seasons with 60 or more inches of snow.
It was on this date in 1996 that the station established a new single season snowfall record when 4.6 inches of snow brought the total to 66.3 inches. This surpassed the old record of 63.2 inches set in 1847-48. Eventually, the season would total 75.6”.
As you can see, this year is in hot pursuit, sitting in fifth position.
The current storm is projected to bring 4-8 inches of snow to the Big Apple tonight and Monday, so this year is certain to make the short list five. There is a good shot that this winter will make the top two or three. It looks like the top position is safe, but a rogue late season storm isn’t out of the question.
March has produced at least eight snowstorms in history of seventeen inches or more. And a snowstorm in April is not outside the realm of possibility.
March came in like a lion across the South on this date in 2009 as a strong upper low spread snow across Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi and Alabama. After dumping over a foot of snow on western Tennessee on Saturday night, snow moved into Alabama during the early morning hours on the 1st. One to two inch amounts were common, with several amounts in the three to five inch range. The snow moved into Georgia, bringing heavy snow to the Atlanta area.
There was some confusion about whether it marked the end of an amazing snowless streak at Birmingham’s official reporting station, the Shuttlesworth – Birmingham International Airport, where two inches of snow fell. A cursory review of the records indicated that it put an end to a streak that had lasted over nine years. Even the State Climatologist’s online records indicated it had not snowed since January 28, 2000. It was going to go into the record books as a 3,319 day streak.
But not so fast my friend, as Coach Lee Corso likes to say.
The official records at the National Climate Data Center showed that It had snowed 0.1 inches at the Airport on March 8, 2008. So the counters were reset to that date instead. While the streak was not quite as long as it could have been, it still was by far the longest in the city’s history.
While the streak was a year shorter than earlier thought, Birmingham residents were generally thankful for the snow they got.
Birmingham’s longest snowless streaks
1. 2961 days 1/28/2000 until 3/7/2008
2. 2225 days 2/1/1951 until 3/6/1957
3. 1769 days 2/13/1905 until 12/18/1909
4. 1387 days 2/13/1971 until 12/1/1974
5. 1137 days 1/5/1919 until 2/15/1922
6. 1069 days 2/23/1901 until 1/28/1904
March roared in like a lion on this date in 2007 across the Deep South as a powerful storm system triggered an outbreak of 56 tornadoes from Missouri and Illinois into Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia and northern Florida. A total of twenty people died in the storms, including 10 in Alabama. Five of the tornadoes were rated as EF-3 or EF-4.
The outbreak actually began on the 28th of February in Kansas, where an EF4 tornado was reported.
By far, the worst damage and majority of fatalities came from South Alabama and Southwest Georgia. An EF4 tornado struck a high school in Enterprise, Alabama around 1:10 p.m. Eight students and another man died in the tragedy. The fatalities occurred when a concrete wall collapsed on a group of students huddled in a hallway at the school. A controversy arose as national media outlets questioned whether school administrators should have dismissed school early, but nearly all local residents supported the decision to keep students at school.
A high risk outlook was issued early that morning and a PDS (Particularly Dangerous Situation) tornado watch was issued hours in advance. The National Weather Service Tallahassee issued a tornado warning a full eight minutes before the tornado struck the school.
Another devastating tornado struck the Millers Ferry area in Wilcox County here in Alabama, killing one man. That tornado also was rated as an EF4.
Just before 9:30 p.m., another tornado caused significant damage in Americus, Georgia. A hospital in Americus was heavily damaged.
A deadly tornado put an exclamation point on the day when it struck a mobile home community just north of Baker in Baker County, Georgia. Six people died in this twister, that occurred just before midnight.
The outbreak continued into the early morning hours of the 2nd in Georgia, South Carolina and Florida.
Here in our state, Alabama, other tornadoes touched down near Adamsville, in northern Tuscaloosa County near Samantha, in Arley in Winston County and in Fayette County. Twisters were also reported near Alabaster and in Lowndes and Montgeomery Counties.
After the outbreak, the tornado toll for the year across the United States stood at 43. That was the deadliest total observed in any year through March 1. Only 1949 was deadlier, when a deadly tornado struck Warren, AR in January killing 49.
So far this year in 2014, the death toll from tornadoes in the United States: zero.
Weather maps on the morning of Sunday, February 23, 1975 showed a low pressure system over North Central Mississippi. The low was not very strong. At 6 a.m. that morning, the pressure in the low was only 1004 mb.
A warm, moist airmass was in place across Alabama, with temperatures across the central part of the state in the middle 60s. Dewpoints were only a degree or too lower than the air temperatures, indicating the high relative humidity. The proximity of the low, the juicy air mass and a backed, southeasterly surface wind were telltale factors that there would problems during the day.
Just across the border in Georgia, dewpoints were much lower. At Atlanta, the dewpoint was only 52F.
Tornadoes touched down in northeastern Walker County just after 12:30 p.m. Nearly an hour later, an F2 tornado moved through Jones Chapel in Cullman County, destroying four trailers and damaging 23 homes.
But the biggest story of the day was a series of tornadoes that skipped along a 15 mile path across Tuscaloosa County beginning at 12:35 p.m. The first touchdown occurred near Taylorsville. There would be a total of five touchdowns across southeastern Tuscaloosa northeastward to near Holt.
There was particularly heavy damage near I-59 and McFarland Blvd. Most of the upper floor of the Scottish Inn was torn away, killing one housekeeper.
Nearly 300 houses were damaged or destroyed, along with 30 businesses and 21 mobile homes.
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Two significant snowstorms have been sufficient to push Birmingham’s 2013-14 snow season into he top 12 all time.
Will we see any more snow this year? Hard to say.
Across the Great Lakes and Northeast, the story is the same. Even more impressive in fact.
Chicago is expecting 4-6 inches of snow tomorrow on President’s Day. The official snow total for the season at O’Hare right now is 62.2 inches.
Tomorrow’s snowfall will likely propel this season into second place, a position currently held by the 1966-67 season, which stands at 67.7”. The all time seasonal snowfall total at Chicago is 83.7 inches back in the snowy year of 1978-79. While that record may not be broken, it has still been an interesting year.
Indianapolis stands at 51.4”, which is good for fourth place there. The 1-2 inches of snow expected on top of freezing rain Monday should be enough to help them pass the 51.7” total that currently is in 3rd place.
New York City’s Central Park stands at 55.6”, less than one half inch behind fifth place’s 1888-89 season. Last night’s snow will undoubtedly put this year into fifth place.
In Philadelphia, which has seen four six inch snow storms for the first time in its history this year, this season is solidly in fourth place all time with 55.4 inches of snow.
From the NWS Birmingham….
JANUARY 2014 RANKED IN THE TOP 5 COLDEST MONTHS FOR BIRMINGHAM, MONTGOMERY, TUSCALOOSA, AND ANNISTON. THESE NUMBERS ARE BASED ON THE AVERAGE TEMPERATURES. HERE ARE THE TOP 10 COLDEST MONTHS FOR
COLDEST MONTHS IN BIRMINGHAM
1 30.6 1/31/1940
2 31.6 1/31/1977
3 33.5 1/31/1978
4 35.5 1/31/1985
5 36.1 1/31/2014
6 36.5 1/31/1918
7 36.7 1/31/1948
8 36.8 12/31/1963
9 37.3 2/28/1978
10 37.6 1/31/1905, 2/28/1958
COLDEST MONTHS IN MONTGOMERY
1 36.0 1/31/1977
2 36.2 1/31/1940
3 39.7 1/31/2014
4 40.1 1/31/1970
5 40.4 1/31/1978
6 40.6 1/31/1961
7 40.7 1/31/1948, 12/31/2000
9 40.8 1/31/1884
10 41.1 1/31/1985
COLDEST MONTHS IN TCL
1 33.1 1/31/1977
2 33.7 1/31/1978
3 36.9 1/31/1985, 12/31/1963
5 38.0 1/31/2014
6 38.5 1/31/1979
7 38.8 2/28/1978
8 38.9 12/31/1989
9 39.1 2/28/1958
10 39.3 1/31/1963
COLDEST MONTHS IN ANNISTON
1 32.2 1/31/1977
2 33.5 1/31/1905
3 34.6 1/31/1978
4 35.9 1/31/2014
5 36.5 1/31/1985
6 36.7 1/31/1970
7 36.8 12/31/1963
8 37.4 2/28/1958
9 37.9 1/31/1979
10 38.0 1/31/1948